Myocardial Infarction Prevalence and Management at Medical Teaching Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan.
Waqar Ahmad1,*, Muhammad Sadeeq2
1,*Bannu Medical College, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar; KPK, Pakistan. 2Department of Pharmacy, Peshawar University, Peshawar; KPK, Pakistan
Myocardial infarction focuses on the sudden deprivation of circulating blood including variation in myocardial tissue necrosis. Where it is an irretrievable death of ischemia. Annually, compared with other diseases, cardiac disease is the top contributor to human fatalities. The prevalence studies show that the rate has been increased in many countries. To discuss the myocardial infarction prevalence and management in 31 MI-diagnosed patients of Cardiology Ward, MTI, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan. A descriptive study was carried out based on clinical clerkship of 31 myocardial infarction diseased patients. The whole data was collected during a six days per week visit routine with the help of proforma containing i.e. questions about the patient’s history. The data was analyzed properly by utilizing SPSS software version 21 and Microsoft Excel to draw results regarding the prevalence and management of myocardial infarction. Discussing the prevalence of myocardial infarction, in 31 MI-diagnosed patients 64.4% were male while in city-wise contribution Peshawar was ranked 1st among other KPK cities with a value of 45.02%. The mean average value was 62 years for all patients. In the management of MI, hypertension was the leading risk factor having a percentage of 48% among others. Chest pain was found in almost all MI-diseased patients. 129.45 mmHg, and 81 mmHg were the systolic and diastolic blood pressure mean values respectively. It was found that the MI rate is higher in males compared to females. AWMI was the most commonly diagnosed type of MI. The suggested drug prescriptions at the said hospital were mostly clopidogrel, aspirin, rosuvastatin, and Enoxaparin.
Keywords: Ischemia, tissue necrosis, acute anterior wall myocardial infarction, chest pain, hypertension